Varicose veins of the lower extremities correspond to abnormal dilations of veins located on the surface of the lower limbs. Varicose veins are swollen veins that are a blue or purple color.
They are frequently found in the disease called Chronic Venous Insufficiency and may be due to several circumstances and reasons. From the smaller veins, the blood flows at the feet level, up to the heart through the larger veins. Three mechanisms primarily make this possible in normal circumstances:
- The pressure generated by heart contraction
- The contraction of the muscles, especially when walking that allows for an added impulse in this direction
- The presence of small valves on the way of the surface veins that stop the blood from descending
Venous insufficiency appears when there are some issues with these valves or a hindrance to the blood progression. This results in the blood accumulation in these affected veins causing varicose veins to appear.
Varicose veins can develop in other places too:
- In the vulva
- In the anus and rectum (hemorrhoids)
- In the scrotum
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Cause and risk factors
- Sedentary lifestyle,
- Prolonged standing
- Poor circulation
The symptoms of varicose veins of the lower limbs are:
- A superficial vein particularly visible, often very blue, and increased volume
- Pain in this vein, particularly at the end of the day (especially on hot days)
- The heaviness of the calves
- Numbness in legs after a prolonged session of sitting or standing
- Edema (sensation of swelling) of the ankle
- Feeling fatigues at the end of the day
Sometimes none of these symptoms is present and the patient is just disturbed by the unsightly appearance of the varicose vein (s).
The diagnosis of varicose veins of the lower limbs is usually carried out following a physical examination. The varicose vein is easily recognizable, and different clinical tests can be performed to evaluate the importance of venous insufficiency. Your doctor may suggest venous Doppler ultrasound confirm this examination. The ultrasound can also find the possible reason behind the varicose vein and aid in the treatment. A venogram, or X-ray of the venous network, can also be performed.
Varicose vein treatments vary depending on the manifestation intensity and the level of venous insufficiency. They include, above all, essential preventive measures and frequent use of compression instruments. Natural treatments always do wonder for Varicose Veins. We are running an ayurvedic hospital in Calicut, Kerala. This hospital is having an Ayurvedic tradition of more than 400 years run by Thekkayil family. It is having all the accreditation from the govt. including the highest certification NABH.
Varicose vein and varicose ulcers are treated well at our hospital with bloodletting and other Ayurvedic treatments. We have treated and cured so many cases. We have an insurance facility also.
Special treatments for varicose veins are kashaya dhara, leech therapy (raktha moksha), lepam etc. We offer some of the best spider vein treatment, varicose ulcer treatment, and varicose vein treatment in Calicut.
Maintaining proper hygiene is regarded as an indispensable aspect in the treatment of this issue and monitoring your weight is also important.
To prevent the appearance of varicose veins on the lower limbs, avoid a sedentary lifestyle, and practice physical activity. At least have regular sessions of walking. It is also essential to avoid prolonged standing or sitting in a cross-legged position, and wear tight clothes.